International Business

In today’s global environment all business is international business. The IB Area focuses its research activities on understanding how managers and firms can thrive in an increasingly complex and dynamic global business environment. IB Area faculty members are engaged in numerous research activities that revolve around two main themes. The first is the strategic management of the multinational firm with a special emphasis on international alliance performance and technology transfer. The area also has a significant focus in the Asia-Pacific region. The second theme is on the management of individuals in multinational and multicultural organizations. This includes the study on International Human Resource Management topics such as expatriation/repatriation, international career development and work-life balance in a multinational setting and also the relationship of culturally different employees with their employer. Other areas of research interest and expertise include the development of intercultural competence, cross-cultural leader-member interactions, and the management of multicultural groups and teams.

Faculty List & Specializations

NamePositionSpecialization & Research Interests
Ali DastmalchianProfessor, Management and Organization Studies and International Business

With over 100 publications and over 15 major research grants from Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Dr. Dastmalchian has proven to be an experienced researcher. His research and teaching interests span organizational design and change, organizational culture and climate, cross-nation leadership, international management, and innovation. 

Rajiv KozhikodeAssociate Professor, International Business / Management and Organization Studies

My primary research interest is in business-government relations and in particular the antecedents and consequences of various forms of corporate political activity. In my dissertation I examined how organizations and entrepreneurs manage institutional pluralism - spatial and temporal consistencies in the institutional prescriptions that guide organizational actions and nurture their identities. To study these issues, I used three rich archival datasets spanning over 50 years on the evolution of the Banking and News Paper industries in India. The first essay from my dissertation has appeared in the Academy of Management Journal, the second essay from it is being finalized for submission to American Journal of Sociology, a shorter version of it has appeared in the Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings 2011, and the third essay is forthcoming in Organization Science. I am also interested in the sociological foundations of organizational misconduct. One of my recent papers in this topic is forthcoming in the Academy of Management Journal. I am also interested in organizational innovation in emerging economies in the Asia Pacific region. My papers in this topic has appeared in the Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Journal of International Management and Organizational Dynamics.

Rekha KrishnanAssociate Professor, International Business

Inter-organizational networks, Social Movement, Research Methods (Meta-analysis).

Mila LazarovaAssociate Professor, International Business and Canada Research Chair in Global Workforce Management Mila's research interests include expatriate management, with a focus on repatriation and the career impact of international assignments; work/life balance issues related to assignments; global careers and the role of organizational career development and mobility practices in organizations; the changing role of the HR department; and comparative human resource management.
Jing LiAssociate Professor, International Business & Canada Research Chair in Global Investment Strategy

International Investment Strategies, Emerging Market Multinational Enterprises, International Joint Ventures, Innovation in Emerging Markets

Chang Hoon OhProfessor, International Business

International Business Strategy;
Country Risk and Business Continuity;
Corporate Social Responsibility of Multinational Enterprises;
Globalization and Regionalization;
Business in Developing Countries;
Comparative Entrepreneurship.

David C. ThomasBeedie Professor of International Management Research interests centre on the behaviour of culturally different individuals in organizational settings. Current topics include: cross-cultural leader-member interactions, multi-cultural teams, and cultural differences in the relationship of employees with their employer.
Rosalie TungMing and Stella Wong Professor, International Business Comparative and Cross-cultural Management, Strategies for International Business, International Human Resources Management, Asia-Pacific Business, International Business Negotiations

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News & Activities

Awards & Achievements


2013
  • Lazarova, Mila: Canada Research Chair: Global workforce management (2013)
  • Oh, Chang Hoon: SSHRC Insight Grant: Risk management and multinational enterprise (2013-2017)

2012
  • Kozhikode, Jamal: SFU Endowed Research Fellowship: Sociological antecedents of corporate social responsibility in India
  • Lazarova, Mila: Canadian Research Chair: Global workforce management (2012-2017)
  • Oh, Chang Hoon: SSHRC Standard Research Grant: Disastrous risks and international business (2012-2015)

2011
  • Thomas, David: SSHRC Standard Research Grant: Bicultural individuals in organizations (2011-2013)
  • Tung, Rosalie: SFU Research Grant: Re-conceptualizing the leadership prototype paradigm (2011)

2010
  • Krishnan, Rekha & Eapen, Alex: Canadian Journal of Administrative Science (CJAS) Verity International Award for Overall Outstanding Paper in Management - Conform or rebel: When does keeping to the rules enhance firm performance? CJAS 26: 95-108 (2010)
  • Tung, Rosalie: SSHRC Research Development Initiative Grant: Re-conceptualizing the leadership prototype paradigm in the context of cross-national and intra-national diversity: An exploratory investigation (2010-2012)

2009
  • Krishnan, Rekha: SFU Research Honour Roll (2009)
  • Krishnan, Rekha: SSHRC Standard Research Grant: When do faultlines in joint venture teams affect trust repair? (2009-2012)
  • Li, Jing: SSHRC Standard Research Grant: Political ties and firm innovation (2009-2012)

2008
  • Krishnan, Rekha: SFU Research Honour Roll (2008)
  • Krishnan, Rekha: SFU Institutional SSHRC Small Grant: Pilot project examining trust repair strategies in joint venture teams (2008-2010)
  • Lazarova, Mila: SSHRC Standard Research Grant: Changes in the HR function in Canada and abroad: The effects of strategic integration of HR, HR outsourcing, and sharing of HR responsibilities. (2008-2011)
  • Li, Jing: SFU Institutional SSHRC Small Grant: The locational determinants of Chinese outward foreign direct investment (2008-2010)
  • Thomas, David: SFU Institutional SSHRC Small Grant: Bicultural individuals in organizations (2008-2010)

2007
  • Krishnan, Rekha: Academy of International Business Richard Farmer Best Dissertation Award - When is trust produced and when does it matter? Taking a closer look at trust and alliance performance (2007)
  • Thomas, David: SSHRC Standard Research Grant: Cultural intelligence: Predictive validity (2007-2010)

2006
  • Lazarova, Mila: Australian Centre for Research in Employment and Work - Kings College London Conference Best Paper Award, Work/Life Balance Stream (2006)
  • Tung, Rosalie: SSHRC Standard Research Grant: Global workforce and "boundaryless" careers: Implications for international competitiveness. (2006-2009)

Recent Faculty Books


2014
  • Thomas, D.C. & Lazarova, Mila B. (2014). Essentials of international human resource management: Managing people globally. Thousand Oaks, USA: SAGE Publications, 376 pages. ISBN-13: 978-1412995917.

2013
  • Lazarova, M., Dany, F. & Mayrhofer, W. (2012). Careers: A country-comparative view. In C. Brewster and W. Mayrhofer (Eds.), Handbook of research on comparative human resource management (pp. 298-321). Glos, UK: Edward Elgar. Publishing.
  • Lazarova, M., Mayerhofer, W. & Brewster, C. (2013). "Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose": A longitudinal analysis of HRM work and the profile of senior HR managers. In E. Parry, E. Stavrou & M. Lazarova (Eds.), Global trends in human resource management (pp. 11-34). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Parry, E., Stavrou, E. & Lazarova, M. (2013). Introduction: Human resource management across time and context: Comparative research and global trends in HRM. In E. Parry, E. Stavrou & M. Lazarova (Eds.), Global trends in human resource management (pp. 1-10). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Parry, E., Stavrou, E. & Lazarova, M. (Eds.) (2013). Global trends in human resource management. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 267 pages. ISBN-13: 978-0230354838.
  • Thomas, D. & Lazarova, M. (2013). Managing people globally: Essentials of international human resource management. Thousand Oaks, USA: Sage Publications, 376 pages.

2012
  • Lazarova, M. & Thomas, D. (2012). Expatriate adjustment and performance revisited. In G. Stahl, I. Björkman and C. Morris (Eds.), Handbook of research in international human resource management, 2nd Edition (pp. 271-291). Glos, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Thomas, D.C., Stahl, G., Ravlin, E.C., Poelmans, S., Pekerti, A., Maznevski, M., Lazarova, M.B., Elron, E., Ekelund, B.Z., Cerdin, J.L., Brislin, R., Aycan, Z. & Au, K. (2012) Development of the cultural intelligence assessment. In W.H. Mobley, Y. Wang and M. Li (Eds.), Advances in global leadership (pp. 155-178). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.

2008
  • Caligiuri, P. & Lazarova, M. (2008). Work-life balance on global assignments. In S. Poelmans and P. Caligiuri (Eds.), Harmonizing work, family and personal life in organizations: From policy to practice. Cambridge University Press (pp. 94-115).
  • Lazarova, M. & Lowe, M. (2008). Work and family: Research in cross national and international contexts. In P.B. Smith, M.F. Peterson and D.C. Thomas (Eds.), Handbook of Cross-Cultural Management Research (pp. 185-200). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  • Smith, Peter B., Peterson, Mark F. & Thomas, David C. (2008). Introduction. In Peter B. Smith, Mark F. Peterson and David C. Thomas (Eds.), The handbook of cross-cultural management research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  • Smith, Peter B., Peterson, Mark F. & Thomas, David C. (2008). Editors. The handbook of cross-cultural management research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN-13: 978-1412940269.
  • Thomas, David C. (2008). Cross-cultural management: Essential concepts. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. (In-Press)
  • Thomas, David C., & Fitzsimmons, Stacey R. (2008). Cross cultural skills and abilities: From communication competence to cultural intelligence. In Peter B. Smith, Mark F. Peterson and David C. Thomas (Eds.), The handbook of cross-cultural management research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Tung, R.L. & Varma, A. (2008). Expatriate selection and evaluation. In P.B. Smith, M.F. Peterson and D.C. Thomas (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural management research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. (In press).

2007
  • Li, Jing & Tong, Tony W. (2007). Real options and international strategic management. In Steve Tallman (Ed.), A new generation in international strategic management. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
  • Thomas, David C. & Inkson, Kerr (2007). Careers across cultures. In H.P. Gunz and M. Peiperl (Eds.), Handbook of career studies (pp. 451-470). London: Sage Publications.
  • Tung, R.L., Walls, J. & Frese, M. (2007). Cross-cultural entrepreneurship: The case of China. In J.R. Baum, M. Frese and R.A. Barton (Eds.), The psychology of entrepreneurship - The organizational frontiers series (pp. 265-286). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

2006
  • Lazarova, M. (2006). International human resource management in a global perspective. In M. J. Morley, N. Heraty and D. Collings (Eds.), International human resource management and international assignments (pp. 24-51). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Thomas, D.C. & Lazarova, M. (2006). Expatriate adjustment and performance: A critical review. In G. Stahl and I. Bjorkman (Eds.), Handbook of research in international human resource management (pp. 247-264). Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Thomas, David C. & Lazarova, Mila, B. (2006). Expatriate adjustment and performance: A critical review. In G. Stahl and I. Bjorkman (Eds.), Handbook of research in international human resource management (pp. 247-264). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, Ltd.

2005
  • Caligiuri, P.C. & Lazarova, M. (2005). Expatriate assignments and work-family conflict. In S.A.Y. Poelmans (Ed.), International research in work and family. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
  • Joshi, A. & Lazarova, M. (2005). Do "global" teams need "global" leaders? Identifying leadership competencies in multinational teams. In D. Shapiro, J. Cheng and M. Von Glinow (Eds.), Managing multinational teams: Perspectives from global scholars (pp. 281-302). Elsevier.
  • Lazarova, M., Caligiuri, P. & Tarique, I. (2005). Training, learning and development in MNCs. In Scullion, H., & M. Linehan (Eds.) International human resource management: A critical text (pp.71-90). New York: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Rugman, Alan M. & Jing Li (2005). Editor. Real options and international investment. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
  • Rugman, Alan M. & Jing Li (2005). Real options and international investment. In Alan M. Rugman and Jing Li (Ed.), Real options and international investment. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.

Research Papers


2014
  • Chen, Victor Zitian, Li, Jing, Shapiro, Daniel & Zhang, Xiaoxiang (2014). Ownership structure and innovation: An emerging market perspective. Asia Pacific Journal of Management 31.1: 1-24. doi: 10.1007/s10490-013-9357-5
  • Chen, Y.-P., Shaffer, M. A., Westman, M, Chen, S., Lazarova, M. & Reiche, S. (2014). Family role performance: Scale development and validation. Applied Psychology: An International Review 63.1: 190-218. doi: 10.1111/apps.12005
  • De Clercq, D., Lim, D.S.K. & Oh, C.H. (2014). Hierarchy and conservatism in the contribution of resources to entrepreneurial activity. Small Business Economics 42.3: 507-522. doi: 10.1007/s11187-013-9515-7
  • Ghobadian, A., Rugman, A.M. & Tung, Rosalie L. (2014). Strategies for firm globalization and regionalization. British Journal of Management 25.S1: S1-S5. doi: 10.1111/1467-8551.12045
  • Hamin, H., Baumann, Chris & Tung, Rosalie L. (2014). Attenuating double jeopardy of negative country of origin effects and latecomer brand: An application study of ethnocentrism in emerging markets. Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics 26.1: 54-77. doi: 10.1108/APJML-07-2013-0090
  • Oh, Chang Hoon & Contractor, F. (2014). A regional perspective on multinational expansion strategies: Reconsidering the three-stage paradigm. British Journal of Management 25.S1: S42-S59. doi: 10.1111/1467-8551.12019

2013
  • De Clercq, D., Lim, D.S.K. & Oh, C.H. (2013). Individual-level resources and new business activity: The contingent role of institutional context. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 37.2: 303-330. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6520.2011.00470.x
  • Li, Jing, Newenham-Kahindi, A., Shapiro, Daniel & Chen, V.Z. (2013). The two-tier bargaining model revisited: Theory and evidence from China’s natural resource investments in Africa. Global Strategy Journal 3.4: 300-321. doi: 10.1111/j.2042-5805.2013.01062.x
  • Oh, C.H., Park, J-H. & Ghauri, P. (2013). Doing right, investing right: Socially responsible investing and shareholder activism in the financial sector. Business Horizons 56.6: 703-714. doi: 10.1016/j.bushor.2013.07.006
  • Reichel, A. & Lazarova, M. (2013). The effects of outsourcing and devolvement on the strategic position of HR departments. Human Resource Management 52.6: 923-946. doi: 10.1002/hrm.21577
  • Rivera, J. & Oh, C.H. (2013). Environmental regulations and multinational corporations’ foreign market entry investments. Policy Studies Journal 41.2: 243-272. doi: 10.1111/psj.12016
  • Rugman, A.M. & Oh, Chang Hoon (2013). Why the home region matters: Location and regional multinationals. British Journal of Management 24.4: 463-479. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8551.2012.00817.x
  • Selmier, W.T. & Oh, Chang Hoon (2013). Economic diplomacy and international trade: ASEAN’s quest to value-claim. The World Economy 36.2: 233-252. doi: 10.1111/twec.12002
  • Selmier, W.T. & Oh, C.H. (2013). The power of major trade languages in trade and foreign direct investment. Review of International Political Economy 20.3: 386-514. doi:10.1080/09692290.2011.648567

2012
  • Li, Jing, Li, Yong & Shapiro, D. (2012). Knowledge seeking and outward FDI of emerging market firms: the moderating effect of inward FDI. Global Strategy Journal 2.4: 277-295. doi: 10.1111/j.2042-5805.2012.01042.x
  • Oh, Chang Hoon & Contractor, F. (2012). The role of territorial coverage and product diversification in the multinationality-performance relationship. Global Strategy Journal 2.2:122-136. doi: 10.1002/gsj.1031

2011
  • Tung, R.L., Enderwick, P. & Chung, H.F.L. (2011). Immigrant effects and International Business Activity: An Overview. Journal of Asian Business Studies 5.1: 6-22.

2010
  • Thomas, D.C., Fitzsimmons, S.R., Ravlin, E.C., Au, K.Y., Ekelund, B.Z. & Barzanty, C. (2010). Psychological Contracts across Cultures. Organization Studies 31.11: 1437-1458.
  • Tung, R.L. & Verbeke, A. (2010). Beyond Hofstede and GLOBE: Improving the quality of cross-cultural research. Journal of International Business Studies 41.8: 1259-1274.
  • Thomas, D.C., Brannen, M.Y. & Garcia, D. (2010). Bicultural Individuals and Intercultural Effectiveness. European Journal of Cross-Cultural Competence and Management 1.4: 315-333.
  • Tung, R.L. & Chung, H.F.L. (2010). Diaspora and Trade Facilitation: The Case of Ethnic Chinese in Australia. Asia Pacific Journal of Management 27.3: 371-392. [Journal Abstract]
  • Thomas, D.C. (2010). Cultural Intelligence and All That Jazz: The Cognitive Revolution in International Management Research. Advances in International Management 23: 169-187.
  • Tung, R.L. & Chand, M. (2010). Global competitiveness, consumer choice and 'country-of-origin' effect: An exploratory East-West study. Asia Pacific Business Review 1-16.
  • Li, J., Chen, V.Z. & Shapiro, D. (2010). Are OECD-prescribed 'good corporate practices' really good in an emerging economy? Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Online.
  • Brannen, M.Y., & Thomas, D.C. (2010). Bicultural Individuals in Organizations. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management 10.1: 5-16. [Journal Abstract]
  • Li, J., Chen, D. & Shapiro, D.M. (2010). Product Innovations in Emerging Economies: The Role of Foreign Knowledge Access Channels and Internal Efforts in Chinese Firms. Management and Organizational Review. [Journal Abstract]

2009
  • Bello, D., Leung, K., Radebaugh, E., Tung, R.L. & Van Witteloostuijn, A. (2009). From the Editors: Student Samples in International Business Research. Journal of International Business Studies 40.3: 361-364. [Journal Abstract]
  • Tung, R.L. & Bauman, C. (2009). Comparing the Attitudes toward Money, Material Possessions and Savings of Overseas Chinese vis-a-vis Chinese in China: Convergence, Divergence or Cross-vergence, vis-a-vis 'One Size Fits All' Human Resource Management Policies and Practices. International Journal of Human Resource Management 20.11: 2382-2401.
  • Tung, R.L. (2009). Cross-cultural Research Diary: A Personal Odyssey. European Journal of Cross Cultural Competence and Management 1.1: 9-13. [Journal Abstract]
  • Li, J., Zhou, C. & Zajac, E.J. (2009). Control, Collaboration, and Productivity in International Joint Ventures: Theory and Evidence. Strategic Management Journal 30: 865-884. [Article Abstract]
  • Lazarova, M.B. & Taylor, S. (2009). Boundaryless Careers, Social Capital, and Knowledge Management: Implications for Organizational Performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior 30: 119-139.  [Journal Abstract]
  • Lazarova, M.B. & Kroumova, M. (2009). Broad-Based Incentive Plans, HR Practices and Company Performance. Human Resource Management Journal 19.4: 355-374.
  • Lazarova, M.B., Joshi, A. & Liao, H. (2009). Building Trust and Commitment over Distance and Time: Examining the Role of Leadership in Virtual Teams. Organization Science 20.1: 240-252.
  • Eapen, A. & Krishnan, R. (2009). Conform or Rebel: When Does Keeping to the Rules Enhance Firm Performance? Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences 26: 95-108. [Journal Abstract]
  • Janowicz-Panjaitan, M. & Krishnan, R. (2009). Measures for Dealing with Competence and Integrity Violations of Interorganizational Trust at the Corporate and Operating Levels of Organizational Hierarchy. Journal of Management Studies 46.2: 245-268. [Journal Abstract]
  • Geyskens, I., Krishnan, R., Steenkamp, J-B.E.M. & Cunha, P.V. (2009). A Review and Evaluation of Meta-Analysis Practices in Management Research. Journal of Management[Journal Abstract]

2008
  • Fang, T., Worm, V. & Tung, R.L. (2008). Changing Success and Failure Factors in Business Negotiations with the PRC. International Business Review 17: 159-169. [Journal Abstract]
  • Joshi, A., Lazarova, M. B. & Liao, H. (2008). Getting Everyone on Board: The Role of Inspirational Leadership in Geographically Dispersed Teams. Organization Science 20: 240-252. [Journal Abstract]
  • Li, J., Dhanaraj, C. & Shockley, R.L. (2008). Joint Venture Evolution: Extending the Real Options Approach. Managerial and Decision Economics 29: 317-336. [Journal Abstract]
  • Tong, T.W. & Li, J. (2008). Real Options and MNE Strategies in Asia Pacific. Journal of International Business Studies 38: 481-498. [Journal Abstract]
  • Tung, R.L. (2008). Brain Circulation, Diaspora, and International Competitiveness. European Management Journal 26: 298-304. [Journal Abstract]
  • Tung, R.L. (2008). The Cross-Cultural Research Imperative: The Need to Balance Cross-National and Intro-National Diversity. Journal of International Business Studies 39: 41-46. [Journal Abstract]
  • Tung, R.L.(2008). Do Race and Gender Matter in International Assignments To/From Asia Pacific? An Exploration Study of Attitudes Among Chinese and Korean Executives. Human Resource Management 47.1: 91-110. [Journal Abstract
  • Tung, R.L. (2008). Human Capital or Talent Flows: Implications for Future Directions in Research on Asia Pacific. Asia Pacific Business Review 14.4: 469-472. [Journal Abstract]
  • Tung, R.L., Worm, V. & Fang, T. (2008). Sino-Western Business Negotiations Revisited – Years After China's Open Door Policy. Organizational Dynamics 37.1: 60-74. [Journal Abstract]
  • Zhou, C. & Li, J. (2008). Product Innovation in Emerging Market-Based International Joint Ventures: An Organizational Ecology Perspective. Journal of International Business Studies 39: 1114-1132. [Journal Abstract]

2007
  • Havlovic, S.J. & Tung, R.L. (2007). Transforming State Organizations to Survive in Competitive Markets: Lessons from Poland. European Union Revue of Organizing. [Journal Abstract]
  • Lazarova, M.B. & Cerdin, J. (2007). Revisiting Repatriation Concerns: Organizational Support Versus Career and Contextual Influences. Journal of International Business Studies 38: 404-429. [Journal Abstract]
  • Li, J. & Rugman, A.M. (2007). Real Options and the Theory of Foreign Direct Investment. International Business Review 16: 687-712. [Journal Abstract]
  • Luo, Y. & Tung, R.L. (2007). International Expansion of Emerging Market Enterprises: A Springboard Perspective. Journal of International Business Studies 38.4: 481-498. [Journal Abstract]
  • Peterson, M.F. & Thomas, D.C. (2007). Organizational Behavior in Multinational Organizations. Journal of Organizational Behavior 28: 261-279. [Journal Abstract]
  • Rugman, A.M. & Li, J. (2007). Will China's Multinationals Succeed Globally or Regionally? European Management Journal 25.5: 333-343. [Journal Abstract]
  • Tung, R.L. (2007). The Human Resource Challenge to Outward Foreign Direct Investment Aspirations from Emerging Economies: The Case of China. International Journal of Human Resource Management 18.5: 868-889. [Journal Abstract]

2006
  • Tung, R.L. & Lazarova, M.B. (2006). Brain Drain Versus Brain Gain: An Exploratory Study of Ex-Host Country Nationals in Central and East Europe. International Journal of Human Resource Management 17.11: 1853-1872. [Journal Abstract]